[kictanet] Invitation to Participate in ' Talk to IEBC'

Barrack Otieno barrack at kictanet.or.ke
Thu Jul 14 13:48:08 EAT 2022

Goodafternoon Mutheu,

Many thanks for your detailed response. We will certainly share all this
issues with IEBC ahead of the Webinar to elicit the necessary responses. We
raised most of the issues during the engagement with the commissioners
yesterday and it appears they have done a lot with respect to the issues
you have raised but have not been communicating properly. We agreed to
isolate the issues we can handle before the election and those that can be
handled in between the election cycles. We will ensure that the issues you
have raised are included in the memorandum that will be the basis of ''Talk
to IEBC"

Best Regards

On Thu, Jul 14, 2022 at 1:24 PM A Mutheu <mutheu at khimulu.com> wrote:

> Dear Barrack & team,
> As regards IEBC, my first comment is an expression of disappointment at
> the lack of transparency and or openly sharing of important information
> with the public as regards the technological infrastructure they will
> utilize. More so as the last Presidential elections were nullified by our
> Supreme Court essentially due to technological issues, making Kenya the 3rd
> country in the world to have this happen, a position we should never return
> to especially as our nation can not afford the socio-economic repercussions
> of such a scenario. Additionally, technology is reliable if all the
> supporting factors are in place but in my opinion I have concerns about the
> technological preparedness of IEBC for the forthcoming General Elections
> (GE). My concerns I recognize may be due to lack of information, which
> loops back to my first comment about the IEBC granting the public access to
> information.
> Some of my concerns include:
> In the last election both the software and hardware were from a similar
> provider but we still had issues which resulted in many votes not being
> counted. This time round there are two different providers i.e. the old one
> and a new one and such scenarios can raise challenges. Have they tested the
> effectiveness of the integration of the two systems? And if they did test
> how was this done as we voters are custodians of our biometrics, which
> would be required for said testing? If they did use voters to test the
> system for example, during the voter registration process then they should
> be transparent and gazette or share with the public particulars of where
> such testing was done and size of the test group. Or are they waiting to
> test the effectiveness at the GE which can be highly problematic with no
> room to resolve challenges in a timely manner.
> It has been alleged that the last "custodian" locked us out due to non
> payment of monies owed for services provided. If this is the case then how
> was the data migrated? Even if IEBC did have access to said data then the
> issue still remains that in accordance with our Data Protection Act, what
> is the status of the residual data held by the other party, as this raises
> data privacy & protection concerns as regards citizens data?
> KPMG carried out an audit but unless they facilitated a technical audit
> that I am not privy to, then its imperative that a technical audit is done
> so that we are cognizant of the true nature of the technical preparedness
> of the IEBC systems before the elections. The results of such an audit
> should be made public to enhance public confidence in the transparency of
> our electoral system. This in turn denies politicians ammunition to
> "incite" the public as they are informed, and ensures public peace during
> our pre and post GE periods.
> Our servers are more than 3 years old and so would need an upgrade as a
> norm. Has such an upgrade been effected? The voter numbers have increased
> and so will the current servers have adequate capacity? If they lack
> capacity then at this eleventh hour when it is too late to order in others,
> then perhaps we need to look for other solutions as a matter of urgency for
> example, taking into account Data Protection considerations, IEBC can look
> into borrowing capacity from other major government servers that hold
> sensitive information as a norm, assuming they have extra capacity, like
> KRA or CBK?
> Earlier this year the Auditor General's report indicated that nearly four
> thousand KIEMS kits, plus laptops, drives etc. were stolen from IEBC. What
> is the status of this? Have they been recovered? This raises major concerns
> especially as the KIEMS kits are not geo locked so if malicious actors have
> access to KEIMS kits and data they can manipulate the integrity of the GE
> in August. What steps has IEBC taken to address this concern? Additionally,
> albeit the SD cards and or flash drives are geo locked there is still
> potential for mischief as the KIEMS kits are not geo locked so a malicious
> player can insert another SD card. What is IEBC doing to curb potential
> mischief on this front?
> There are approximately 1100 polling stations that allegedly still do not
> have access to 3G or 4G network coverage. The standard response from IEBC
> when this issue is raised is that they will utilize satellites. Have the
> said satellites been identified and or deployed and tested for
> effectiveness before the GE or will they be tested on election day? Why
> can't IEBC Gazette the said polling stations so that the public are aware
> of them and to enhance transparency and trust in the electoral process.
> As far as I am aware IEBC does not have OCR technology or do they? If
> they do not then for aggregation purposes this will have to be done
> manually and human error can arise (both accidental or intentional), as
> this is always a risk where the human factor is a component. If this is the
> status quo then what measures has IEBC put in place to secure this process?
> As a norm the elderly have issues with their biometrics being recognized
> as do those who have suffered injuries after giving said biometrics etc. In
> the last election this was problematic and as such would like to know what
> steps has IEBC taken to address this issue. While it is arguable people can
> use their Identification Documents as an alternative however, due to the
> concern of the mischief that can arise from KIEMS kits that are not geo
> locked and the Auditors General's report concerns, discussed above,
> malicious actors can use as this as a work around to avoid presenting
> biometrics and relying only on their "identification documents". What steps
> has IEBC put in place to curb this?
> IEBC has not been aggressive in much needed civic education to sensitize
> and update the public on the GE and even their website can be better
> utilized. In all of this accessibility of information to the differently
> abled is an important factor and their democratic right. How has IEBC
> addressed this? Even on election day what steps have been put in place to
> protect the privacy of the differently abled but enable them to exercise
> their democratic right fairly?
> 95% of cyber incidents are due to the human factor i.e. both malicious or
> accidental factors. As such, what cyber hygiene training have the IEBC
> staff been given, as for example, even charging devices at known polling
> stations by plugging them into the available power sockets can be vectors
> to upload malware pre installed by malicious actors. Perhaps KICTANet as
> you have recently been part of a project that developed a cyber hygiene
> curriculum can train the IEBC staff virtually and take them over the basics
> to secure the electoral systems in even a 2 hour session. People can only
> secure themselves and their systems from risks and dangers they are
> cognizant of.
> What backup power does IEBC have at each polling station i.e. both
> generators and or solar?
> IEBC needs to realize that with great power like they have, comes great
> responsibility to uphold the democratic rights of Kenyans to fair and free
> elections, and not allow technological issues that are resolvable to
> curtail this right again.
> Stay happy,
> *Mutheu Khimulu*
> *LLM. Cybersecurity, Counter Terrorism & Crisis Management*
> *https://www.linkedin.com/in/mutheu-khimulu-law/
> <https://www.linkedin.com/in/mutheu-khimulu-law/>  *
> On Wed, Jul 13, 2022 at 9:03 PM Barrack Otieno via KICTANet <
> kictanet at lists.kictanet.or.ke> wrote:
>> Listers,
>> Earlier today, KICTANet held a consultative meeting with IEBC
>> Commissioners led by Chairman Wafula Chebukati and the Secretariat
>> represented by CEO Marjan Hussein and ICT Manager Mr. Michael Ouma. This
>> follows KICTANets participation in the IEBC National Elections Conference
>> yesterday. The need for greater engagement between KICTANets Stakeholders
>> and IEBC featured prominently in the deliberations.
>> As part of the engagement process , KICTANet will be hosting a ''Talk to
>> IEBC'' discussion which will culminate in a Webinar that will address
>> Technology concerns in Kenya's electoral process.
>> We would like to invite listers to contribute to the online discussion
>> that will serve as a precursor to webinar.
>> To contribute we would like to hear from you the following:
>> 1. What issues do you have in so far as Tech and elections is concern in
>> Kenya?
>> 2. What recommendations do you have in so far as the use of Tech and
>> elections is concerned in Kenya?
>> The discussion will take place on Thursday 14th July 2022 and Friday 15th
>> July 2022
>> Thank you
>> Best Regards
>> --
>> *Barrack Otieno*
>> *Trustee*
>> *Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTAnet)*
>> *Skype:barrack.otieno*
>> *+254721325277*
>> *https://www.linkedin.com/in/barrack-otieno-2101262b/
>> <https://www.linkedin.com/in/barrack-otieno-2101262b/>*
>> *www.kictanet.or.ke <http://www.kictanet.or.ke>*
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*Barrack Otieno*
*Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTAnet)*

*www.kictanet.or.ke <http://www.kictanet.or.ke>*
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